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Words empty as the wind are best left unsaid.

~Homer

A picture is worth a thousand words.

~Napoleon Bonaparte

Wednesday, 4 July 2012

Women in mythology and religion part III, Odalisque, Phryne, and Potiphar's Wife

Different themes  than in previous blogs. Odalisque means a sex slave.
Interestingly how many painters were fascinated with with the sex slave and a harem.

Jean Ingres, La Grande Odalisque
 Jules Joseph Lefebvre, Odalisque
 Eugene Delacroix, Odalisque
 Eugene Delacroix, Odalisque
 Maurice Bompard - L'attente, Odalisques dans le harem
 Luis Ricardo Falero, The Favorite,
 Benjamin Constant - Favorite of the Emir
 Georges Jules Victor Clairin - The Sultan's Favorites
 Rudolph Ernst - Favorite of the Farm
The title says it all about the artist.  Farm, eh?
Rudolph Ernst - Odalisque with Cupids
Rudolph Ernst - The Captives
 
 Giulio Rosati - Picking the favorite
 Giulio Rosati - Une nouvelle arrivée
 Benjamin Constant - Odalisque
 Fabio Fabbi - Reclining Odalisques by a Reflecting Pool
 Edouard Richter - In the Harem
 Frederick Arthur Bridgman - Odalisque
Frederick Goodall - A New Light in the Harem
Frederick Goodall - The pets of the harem
 John Frederick Lewis - Scene in the Hareem
 Georges Jules Victor Clairin - Harem Woman
 Jean-Léon Gérôme - Harem Pool
 Jean-Léon Gérôme - Purchase of A Slave
 Jean-Léon Gérôme - The Slave Market
 Jean-Léon Gérôme - Selling Slaves in Rome
 Jean-Léon Gérôme - Slave Auction or Slave Market in Rome
 Fabio Fabbi - The Slave Market
Phryne was a famous courtesan of Ancient Greece (4th century BC).
When accused of profaning the Eleusinian Mysteries, she was defended by the orator Hypereides, one of her lovers. The speech for the prosecution was written by Anaximenes of Lampsacus according to Diodorus Periegetes.  When it seemed as if the verdict would be unfavourable, Hypereides tore open her robe and displayed her body, most notably her breasts, which so moved them that they acquitted her. According to others, Phryne herself removed her own clothing. The judges' change of heart was not simply because they were overcome by the beauty of her naked body, but because such unusual physical beauty was often seen as a facet of divinity or a mark of divine favor during those times.
 Jean-Léon Gérôme - Phryne before the Areopagus
 José Frappa, Phryne
 Henryk Siemieradzki , Phryne on the Poseidon's celebration in Eleusis.
 Franz von Stuck,  Phryne
 Phryne by Gustave Boulanger
Artur GrottgerPhryne
 Johann Georg van Caspel, Phryne
 Paul Emile Berthon,  Phryne
  James Pradier, Phryne Louvre
In 1884 cartoon in Puck magazine ridicules James G. Blaine as the tattooed-man, with many indelible scandals. The cartoon is based on Phryne before the Areopagus, a painting by Jean-Léon Gérôme.
Potiphar or Potifar  is a person in the Book of Genesis's account of Joseph. Potiphar is said to be the captain of the palace guard and is referred to without name in the Quran. Joseph, sold into slavery by his brothers, is taken to Egypt where he is sold to Potiphar as a household slave. Potiphar makes Joseph the head of his household, but Potiphar's wife, furious at Joseph for resisting her attempts to seduce him into sleeping with her, accuses him falsely of attempting to rape her. Potiphar casts Joseph into prison, where he comes to the notice of Pharaoh through his ability to interpret the dreams of other prisoners.
Potiphar's wife is named in neither the Bible nor the Quran. The mediaeval Sefer HaYashar, a commentary on the Torah, gives it as Zuleikha, as do many Islamic traditions and thus the Persian poem called Yusuf and Zulaikha (from Jami's Haft Awrang ("Seven thrones")). Because of the Egyptian location wherein the scene is staged, it is not impossible to scope in this biblical tale also a more recent echo of the very old Egyptian fable of the two brothers Bata and Anpu.

 Guido Reni, Joseph and Potiphar's Wife 
 Rembrandt, Joseph Accused by Potiphar's Wife
   Guercino,  Joseph and Potiphar's Wife,