Words empty as the wind are best left unsaid.


A picture is worth a thousand words.

~Napoleon Bonaparte

Friday, 30 December 2011

Eos/Aurora, Phosphorus,Hesperus, St. Augustine, Lucifer and Satan

                                                               Edited, May 11, 2012

EOS, in Latin Aurora, the goddess of the morning red, who brings up the light of day from the east. She was a daughter of Hyperion and Theia or Euryphassa, and a sister of Helios ( the sun) and Selene (the moon). (Hes. Theog. 371, &c.; Hom. Hymn in Sol. ii.) Ovid (Met. ix. 420, Fast. iv. 373)
Eos had an unquenchable desire for handsome young men, some say as the result of a curse laid upon her by the goddess Aphrodite. 

She was sometimes depicted riding in a golden chariot drawn by winged horses, at other times she was shown borne aloft by her own pair of wings.

                                                        EOS THE DAWN 
Museum Collection: Johns Hopkins University Museum, Date: ca 440 BC
The winged goddess of the dawn, from a painting depicting her pursuit of the youth Kephalos.

 Gobelins Room, Cathedral of Puebla, Puebla de los Ángeles, Puebla state, Mexico

                                                           Eos, Jan Rayzner

 Apollo and Aurora, Gerrard de Lairesse

 Eos, Evelyn de Morgan

Her lovers included Orion, Phaethon, Cephalus and Tithonus, three of which she ravished away to distant lands.

 Francesco Solimena, Aurora, Roman goddess of the dawn, bids goodbye to her lover Tithonus. Aurora is about to illuminate the darkness of night.
                                            Cephalus und Aurora, Nicolas Poussin

                                                        Stanislaw Wyspianski, Eos

Hesiod, Theogony 378 ff (trans. Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C8th or C7th B.C.) :

"And Eos (Dawn) bare to Astraios (the Starry) the strong-hearted Winds, brightening Zephyrus (West Wind), and Boreas (North Wind), headlong in his course, and Notus (South Wind),--a goddess mating in love with a god. And after these Erigenia (the Early-Born) bare the star Eosphorus (Dawn-bringer) [the planet Venus], and the gleaming stars with which heaven is crowned."

Homer, Iliad 23. 226 ff (trans. Lattimore) (Greek epic C8th B.C.) :
"At that time when Eosphorus (Dawn Star) passes across earth, harbinger of light, and after him Eos (Dawn) of the saffron mantle is scattered across the sea."

Phosphorus (Greek Φωσφόρος Phōsphoros), a name meaning "Light-Bringer", is the Morning Star, the planet Venus in its morning appearance. Φαοσφόρος (Phaosphoros) and Φαεσφόρος (Phaesphoros) are forms of the same name in some Greek dialects.
Another Greek name for the Morning Star is Ἑωσφόρος (Heōsphoros), which means "Dawn-Bringer". The form Eosphorus is sometimes met in English, as if from Ἠωσφόρος (Ēōsphoros), which is not actually found in Greek literature, but would be the form that Ἑωσφόρος would have in some dialects. The Latin name Lucifer is an exact translation of the Greek term Φωσφόρος.

 The Moon-goddess Selene accompanied by the Dioscuri, or Phosphoros (the Morning Star) and Hesperos (the Evening Star). Marble altar, Roman artwork, 2nd century CE. From Italy. Louvre

Ibycus, Fragment 331 (from Scholiast on Basil, Genesis) (trans. Campbell, Vol. Greek Lyric III) (Greek lyric C6th B.C.) :
"Eosphorus (Dawn-Bringer) and Hesperus (Evening-star) are one and the same, although in ancient times they were thought to be different. Ibycus of Rhegium was the first to equate the titles."

Alphonse Mucha, Morning Star. From The Moon and the Stars Series

Alphonse Mucha, Evening Star. From The Moon and the Stars Series

Pindar, Isthmian Ode 4. 43 ff (trans. Conway) (Greek lyric C5th B.C.) :
"Her beauty shines forth in gleaming splendor like Eosphorus (the dawn-star), beyond all other lights of heaven."
Cicero, De Natura Deorum 3. 19 (trans. Rackham) (Roman rhetorician C1st B.C.) :
"If Luna [Selene the moon] is a goddess, then Lucifer (the Morning Star) also and the rest of the Wandering Stars (Stellae Errantes) will have to be counted gods as well."
Cicero, De Natura Deorum 2. 20 (trans. Rackham) (Roman rhetorician C1st B.C.) :
"The star of Venus, called in Greek Phosphoros (the light-bringer) and in Latin Lucifer when it precedes the sun, but when it follows it Hesperos."

Cicero, De Natura Deorum 2. 20 :
"Most marvelous [of all the stars of heaven] are the motions of the five Stellae, falsely called planets or Stellae Errantes (Wandering Stars) . . . Lowest of the five Stellae and nearest to the earth is the star of Venus, called in Greek Phosphorus (the light-bringer) and in Latin Lucifer when it precedes the sun, but when it follows it Hesperus; this planet completes its orbit in a year, traversing the zodiac with a zigzag movement as do the Stellae above it, and never distant
more than the space of two signs from the sun, though sometimes in front of it and sometimes behind it . . . This regularity therefore in the Stellae, this exact punctuality throughout all eternity notwithstanding the great variety of their courses, is to me incomprehensible without rational intelligence and purpose. And if we observe these attributes in the Stellae, we cannot fail to enrol even them among the number of the gods." 

Ovid, Metamorphoses 2. 273 ff : (43 BC – AD)
"As Lucifer (the morning star) more brilliant shines than all the stars, or as golden Phoebe (the Moon) outshines Lucifer (the morning star)."

Ovid, Metamorphoses 4. 627 ff :
"Until Lucifer (the morning star) hould wake Aurora [Eos the dawn], and Aurora call forth the chariot of the day [of Helios the sun]."

Pseudo-Hyginus, Astronomica 2. 42 (trans. Grant) (Roman mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"The fourth star is that of Venus [Aphrodite], Luciferus [Hesperus] by name . . . In many tales it is recorded that it is called Hesperus, too. It seems to be the largest of all stars . . . It is visible both at dawn and sunset, and so properly has been called both Lucifer [Eosphorus] and Hesperus."

 Hesperus as Personification of the Evening by Anton Raphael Mengs

                                  Phosphorus And Hesperus, Evelyn de Morgan

As an adjective, the Greek word is applied in the sense of "light-bringing" to, for instance, the dawn, the god Dionysus, pine torches, the day; and in the sense of "torch-bearing" as an epithet of several god and goddesses, especially Hecate but also of Artemis/Diana and Hephaestus.

Gold phaler (ornament worn by horses), one of a pair, representing Dionysus. Syria, 3rd century BC.

Homer didn't call Eosphorus Lucifer but Cicero (C1st B.C). 

Let's look at madame Blavatsky.

Excerpt from The Secret Doctrine by H. P. Blavatsky — Vol. 2


The true esoteric view about “Satan,” the opinion held on this subject by the whole philosophic antiquity, is admirably brought out in an appendix, entitled “The Secret of Satan,” to the second edition of Dr. A. Kingsford’s “Perfect Way.” No better and clearer indication of the truth could be offered to the intelligent reader, and it is therefore quoted here at some length: —

“1. And on the seventh day (seventh creation of the Hindus),* there went forth from the presence of God a mighty Angel, full of wrath and consuming, and God gave him the dominion of the outermost sphere.†

2. “Eternity brought forth Time; the Boundless gave birth to Limit; Being descended into generation.”‡

4. “Among the Gods is none like unto him, into whose hands are committed the kingdoms, the power and the glory of the worlds:”

5. “Thrones and empires, the dynasties of kings,§ the fall of nations, the birth of churches, the triumph of Time.”

For, as is said in Hermes, “Satan is the door-keeper of the Temple of the King; he standeth in Solomon’s porch; he holdeth the key of the Sanctuary, that no man enter therein, save the Anointed having the arcanum of Hermes” (v. 20 and 21).

These suggestive and majestic verses had reference with the ancient Egyptians and other civilized peoples of antiquity to the creative and generative light of the Logos (Horus, Brahma, Ahura-Mazda, etc., etc., as primeval manifestations of the ever-unmanifested Principle, e.g., Ain-Soph, Parabrahm, or ZeruanaAkerne — Boundless Time — Kala)


33. “Satan is the minister of God, Lord of the seven mansions of Hades” . . . .
The seven or Saptaloka of the Earth with the Hindus; for Hades, or the Limbo of Illusion, of which theology makes a region bordering on Hell, is simply our globe, the Earth, and thus Satan is called —
33 “. . . . the angel of the manifest Worlds.

It is “Satan who is the god of our planet and the only god,” and this without any allusive metaphor to its wickedness and depravity. For he is one with the Logos, “the first son, eldest of the gods,” in the order.

Let's look at Wikipedia.

Use of the name "Lucifer" for the Devil stems from applying to the Devil what Isaiah 14:3–20 says of a king of Babylon whom it calls Helel (הֵילֵל, Shining One), a Hebrew word that refers to the Day Star or Morning Star (the Latin term for which is lucifer) In 2 Peter 1:19 and elsewhere, the same Latin word lucifer is used to refer to the Morning Star, with no relation to the Devil. In Revelation 22:16, Jesus himself is called the Morning Star, but not "Lucifer", even in Latin.

How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! how art thou cut down to the ground, which didst weaken the nations! 
Isaiah 14: 12

( from King James  Version)

How you have fallen from heaven, O morning star, son of the dawn! 
You have been cast down to the earth,
you who once laid low the nations!
 Isaiah 14: 12
 New International Version, 1984

 How you are fallen from heaven,
  O Day Star, son of Dawn!
 How you are cut down to the ground,
 you who laid the nations low! 
 Isaiah 14: 12
(from English Standard Version)

How you are fallen from heaven,
O shining star, son of the morning!
You have been thrown down to the earth,
you who destroyed the nations of the world.
Isaiah 14: 12
( from New Living Translation 2007)
 More  versions

Let's look at 2 Peter 1: 19

We also have the prophetic message as something completely reliable, and you will do well to pay attention to it, as to a light shining in a dark place, until the day dawns and the morning star rises in your hearts.
20 Above all, you must understand that no prophecy of Scripture came about by the prophet’s own interpretation of things. 
21 For prophecy never had its origin in the human will, but prophets, though human, spoke from God as they were carried along by the Holy Spirit.
2 Peter 1: 19-21
(from New International Version)

19We have also a more sure word of prophecy; whereunto ye do well that ye take heed, as unto a light that shineth in a dark place, until the day dawn, and the day star arise in your hearts:  20Knowing this first, that no prophecy of the scripture is of any private interpretation.
 21For the prophecy came not in old time by the will of man: but holy men of God spake as they were moved by the Holy Ghost.
 2 Peter 1: 19-21
(from King James Version)

Wikipedia in not accurate at all. There is no Lucifer at 2 Peter but "morning star".

It is uncertain when precisely the Isaiah passage, which in its Latin translation contains the name "Lucifer", began to be applied to Satan, but it was certainly used in this way by 3rd-century Origen, and some scholars claim that the identification of "Lucifer" with the Devil was first made by Origen, Tertullian and Augustine of Hippo.

So who was Augustine of Hippo?

Augustine of Hippo  Aurelius Augustinus Hipponensis; November 13, 354 – August 28, 430), also known as Augustine, St. Augustine, St. Austin, St. Augoustinos, Blessed Augustine, or St. Augustine the Blessed, was Bishop of Hippo Regius (present-day Annaba, Algeria). He was a Latin-speaking philosopher and theologian who lived in the Roman Africa Province. His writings were very influential in the development of Western Christianity.
According to his contemporary, Jerome, Augustine "established anew the ancient Faith." In his early years he was heavily influenced by Manichaeism and afterward by the Neo-Platonism of Plotinus.
                                 Saint Augustin, Philippe de Champaigne
                                                     Sandro Botticelli
                                                     Simone Martini
Augustine Aurelius, Bishop of Hippo, arguably is considered the most influential theologian after St. Paul. As a pastor and bishop in North Africa, Augustine was one of the most prolific church writers, dealing with the many theological issues that faced the Church in his day. As a teacher, he influenced the course of the Church, and as a bishop, he influenced the politics of Rome. Without a doubt, Augustine it is considered a great man. But does he deserve this reputation?

The history of Augustine’s life is pretty straightforward and well-known. Son of a pagan father and Christian mother, Augustine grew up knowing the truth of the gospel, but led his own life, his father taking delight in his son’s sexual escapades. Augustine became a well-known orator and studied the pagan philosophies of Plato. Augustine became a Christian at age 32, after discussions about Christianity with a friend, and hearing a child’s voice telling him to pick up a scroll and read it. This conversion story is one the most famous in Christendom.

Augustine has been called the Great Teacher of the Church, and the Doctor of Grace, because of his influence on the doctrines of the Church. First of all, believe it or not, Augustine couldn’t read Greek! It is not required, in ministers, that they be able to read Greek. This means that Augustine was not able to understand what Paul or Peter or John wrote, without relying on the sayso a translator. Which Augustine did. Augustine relied on the translation of his close ally, Jerome of Palestine. Jerome was the man who translated the Bible from the Hebrew and Greek, into Latin. Unfortunately, Jerome was an extremely biased, didactic theologian, and in at least one theological area, that of justification, made an unfortunate translation that has affected the Church ever since. Augustine took a word from Jerome’s Latin Vulgate and gave us a Roman court model for justification, rather than the model that Paul presented, in the original Greek, that of a king declaring a subject in right standing with his/her king. 

A second problem with Augustine is where he got much of his theology from. Before becoming a Christian, Augustine studied two different religions/philosophies, that he allowed to influence him, and brought their doctrines with him into the Church.
For nine years, Augustine was a Manichean, a devotee of of the teachings of Mani, founder of a Persian moral cult. Like the Gnostics of the first century, Mani and his followers were dualistic, teaching that the flesh was sinful and impure, while the spirit was light and life. As a Manichean, this teaching was a comfort to Augustine, as it let him blame his continued sexual sin on his lower fleshy nature, but still be moral by emphasizing the separateness of flesh and spirit.

Augustine’s years with the Manicheans left its impact on the Church, as he brought this teaching into the the Church through his teaching on Original Sin. A. T. Overstreet, in his on-line book, “Are Men Born Sinners?, The Myth of Original Sin,” notes:
Augustine’s nine years with them [the Maniceans] accustomed him to regard human nature as essentially evil and human freedom as a delusion. Augustine next fell under the influence of Neo-Platonism, and his theological views were strongly influenced by this philosophy as well. However, his doctrine of sin shows the obvious influence of the Gnostic teachings of Manichaeism, in which he assumes the most ridiculous teaching of all the heathen philosophies the teaching that matter can be sinful. And this is the source of his doctrine that sin can be passed on physically from one person to another.
Harnack says:
We have, finally, in Augustine’s doctrine of sin a strong Manichaean and Gnostic element; for Augustine never wholly surmounted Manichaeism.
Augustine’s doctrine of sin, with his belief in the inherent sinfulness of the physical constitution, is wholly Manichaean. His idea that sin is propagated through the marriage union, that sexual desire is sin and that sexual lust in procreation transmits sin is also Manichaean. Augustine built his doctrine of original sin upon this premise that sexual lust in procreation transmits sin.

 To read an article

According to Wikipedia, it was Augustine  that made the identification of "Lucifer" with the Devil.  I have to check  Origen, Tertullian who were the first one to make that association.

It is getting more interesting as I learn more about fathers of the Church or saints.  LOL!

So who is satan?

He replied, "I saw Satan fall like lightning from heaven.
Luke 10: 18 
(from New International Version)

And he said unto them, I beheld Satan as lightening fall from heaven.
Luke 10: 18
(from King James Version)

                        Satan,  Gustave Doré, in John Milton's Paradise Lost.

                                     William Blake, Satan inflicting boils on Job.

Let's look at a  black mass and satanism in art.

                                                          Black Mass XVI Century

Catherine Monvoisin and the priest Étienne Guibourg perform "Black Masses" for the mistress of King Louis XIV of France, Madame de Montespan (lying on the altar).1895
  Martin van Maële. Illustration de La sorcière, ( sorceress or witch) 1911

 Martin van Maële. Illustration de La sorcière

                                                       Martin van Maele

 Martin van Maele, Illustration de La sorcière

 Martin van Maele, Illustration de La sorcière

                                   Hieronymus Bosch, Black Mass

Wood Engraving 15 from the Compendium Maleficarum, 1618

                       The Sigil of Baphomet: emblem of the Church of Satan

Codex Gigas

The Codex Gigas or the Devil’s Bible at the National Library in Stockholm is famous for two features.
First, it is reputed to be the biggest surviving European manuscript. (Codex Gigas means ‘giant book’.)
Secondly, it contains a large, full page portrait of the Devil.

Wednesday, 28 December 2011

Symbols, talismans, caduceus, Mano Pantea, spider, lizard.

Let’s look again at Etruscan, Greek, and Roman talismans. To view a pine cone blog click here  and here
I haven’t noticed that a caduceus has a pine cone located on the top. I have noticed the pine cone on many sculptures of caduceus but not on a talisman.
To view caduceus click here
A talisman (from Arabic طلسم Tilasm, ultimately from Greek telesma or from the Greek word "telein" which means "to initiate into the mysteries") is an amulet or other object considered to possess supernatural or magical powers.
Let’s start with the caduceus.
The Gnostics had great faith in the efficacy of sacred names and sigils when engraved on stones as Talismans; also in magical symbols derived principally from the Cabala.

The origin of Talismans and Amulets is lost in the obscurity of the ages, In the writing of the philosophers and Alchemists of the Middle Ages directions are given that these Talismans should be made, or commenced, under favorable aspects, so that the Work may receive the vitalizing rays proceeding from the planet represented.

From The Evil Eye, by Frederick Thomas Elworthy
The Caduceus, The Wand Of Mercury (Illustration No. 105, Plate VIII), was considered an extremely efficient Talisman, being worn to render its possessor wise and persuasive, to attract Health and Youthfulness, as well as to protect from the Evil Eye.
In its composition the Pine Cone, which surmounts the staff, was credited with great health-giving powers; is a symbol of Apollo, or the Sun; the wings are emblematic of the flight of thoughts in the minds of men, the two serpents in amity signifying love prototypes of Aescu-lapius and Hygiea who influence the health-giving attributes of the Sun and Moon respectively, both deities being associated with serpents because by their aid maladies are sloughed off and vigour renewed, just as serpents were believed to renew their lives each year by casting their skins.
According to the author, pine cone is a symbol of Apollo or the Sun. It is another explanation and different explanation than of Joseph Campbell. It is really a symbol of Apollo?
He was depicted as a handsome, beardless youth with long hair and various attributes including:--a wreath and branch of laurel; bow and quiver; raven; and lyre.
Apollo was depicted with a snake. 
                          Apollo rests his arm on a pillar coiled with a snake. Louvre.
                      Apollo Belvedere statue in Museo Pio-Clementino.

I have found only found a pine cone and Apollo at: Apollo, Poetry and Music by Aimé Millet (ca. 1860–1869), viewed from the boulevard de l'Opéra. Roof of the Palais Garnier, Paris.

In the British Museum may be seen a life-sized hand in bronze in the form assumed in the Benediction of the Christian Church, the third and fourth fingers being closed, with thumb and first two fingers extended; this form has its efficacy as a Talisman against the Evil Eye increased by numerous other symbols (already dealt with), a pine cone being balanced on the finger-tips, a serpent running along the whole length of the back of the hand and towering above the third finger; and, amongst others, the Asp, Lizard, Caduceus, Frog, and Scales may be seen, all probably connected with the worship of Isis and Serapis. This form, known as Mano Pantea, and the life-sized hands were kept in the house as Talismans to protect it against every evil influence of magic and of the Evil Eye, whilst small replicas were worn as Amulets for personal protection.
Mano Pantea

We have seen a bronze hand used in the worship of Sabazios (British Museum). Roman 1st-2nd century CE.

The Lizard And The Tortoise were symbols of Mercury, and the Caduceus is frequently depicted placed between them on ancient Talismans. The Lizard is also to be found engraved on many of the old Roman rings, and was used as charm against weak eyesight, the brilliant green of its body, like the Emerald, causing it to be held in high esteem, both spiritually and physically.
Apollo rests his arm on a pillar with a lizard. Date: C1st - C2nd AD, Louvre
The Spider, like the Lizard, was sacred to Mercury and was considered a most fortunate symbol engraved on precious stones, its remarkable quickness of sight recommending it as a Talisman for shrewdness in business matters and foresight generally; and according to an old writer, prognostications were made from the manner of weaving spiders' webs, and it was deemed a sign that a man would receive money if a little spider fell upon his clothes.
Let’s look at spider structure by Louise Joséphine Bourgeois.
Louise Joséphine Bourgeois (French pronunciation: 25 December 1911 – 31 May 2010), was a renowned French-American artist and sculptor, best known for her contributions to both modern and contemporary art, and for her spider structures, titled Maman.
                                               Spider. Guggenheim Museum, Bilbao

                                                     Notre Dame Cathedral in Ottawa

  Cast of the bronze spider sculpture "Maman" by Louise Bourgeois, Bundesplatz, Bern, Switzerland. In the background, the Swiss Parliament Building.

Let’s look at other talismans.
We have Anubis talisman. (# 107)

Anubis is symbolized as a Jackal-headed god who, in the Egyptian religion, is depicted in the Judgment as weighing the souls of the dead; he is the Guardian of Souls in the under-world.
Another mystery is  resolved as we have seen a big statue of Anubis. Nice connection: Anubis- Hermanubis, caduceus……..a pine cone and  Baphomet.

The big statue, 26 tons of jackal-headed deity, will spend the winter in Landmark Plaza, next to Landmark Center and Rice Park. The statue also was displayed before the exhibit's opening in Atlanta, New York City, London, Toronto and Vienna.

Tuesday, 27 December 2011

Symbols and talismans Part I heart

The heart was important in many religions.

Human sacrifice was a religious practice characteristic of pre-Columbian Aztec civilization, as well as of other mesoamerican civilizations such as the Maya and the Zapote.

                                                           Kodeks Tudela

 Aztec ritual human sacrifice  of the Codex Magliabechiano..

  Our Lady of Guadalupe Churhc, Calle 69 n53 -Av.6, Venustiano Carranza, Federal District, Mexico

Sacrificial knife, Aztec or Mixtec, Late Postclassic (15th-16th century AD).

We have Egyptian "Weighing of the Heart" The ancient Egyptians believed that, when they died, they would be judged on their behavior during their lifetime before they could be granted a place in the Afterlife. This judgement ceremony was called "Weighing of the Heart" and was recorded in Chapter 125 of the funerary text known as the "Book of the Dead".

 It has been asked why the Egyptians, who had no belief in a material resurrection, took such infinite trouble to preserve the bodies of their dead. They looked forward to a paradise in which eternal life would be the reward of the righteous, and their creed inculcated faith in the existence of a spiritual body to be inhabited by the soul which had ended its earthly pilgrimage; but such beliefs do not explain the care and attention bestowed upon the lifeless corpse. The explanation must be sought in the famous Book of the Dead, representing the convictions which prevailed throughout the whole of the Egyptian civilization from pre-dynastic times. Briefly, the answer to our question is this: there was a Ka or double, in which the Heart-Soul was located; this Ka, equivalent to the astral body of modern occultists, was believed to be able to come into touch with material things through the preserved or mummified body. This theory accords with the axiom that each atom of physical substance has its relative equivalent on the astral plane. It will therefore be understood how, in the ancient religions, the image of a god was regarded as a medium through which his powers could be manifested. "As above, so below"; every living thing possessed some divine attribute.

Weighing of the heart scene, with en:Ammit sitting, from the book of the dead of Hunefer

We have Egyptian heart talismans.

The Heart was believed to be the seat of the Soul, and Illustrations Nos. 67, 68, 69, Plate V, are examples of these Talismans worn to prevent black magicians from bewitching the Soul out of the body. The importance of these charms will be realized from the belief that if the Soul left the Heart, the Body would quickly fade away and die. According to Egyptian lore at the judgment of the dead the Heart is weighed, when if found perfect, it is returned to its owner, who immediately recovers his powers of locomotion and becomes his own master, with strength in his limbs and everlasting felicity in his soul.

The Sacred Heart (also known as Most Sacred Heart of Jesus) is one of the most famous religious devotions to Jesus' physical heart as the representation of His divine love for Humanity.
This devotion is predominantly used in the Catholic Church and among some high-church Anglicans and Lutherans. The devotion especially emphasizes the unmitigated love, compassion, and long-suffering of the heart of Christ towards humanity. The origin of this devotion in its modern form is derived from a French Roman Catholic nun, Marguerite Marie Alacoque, who said she learned the devotion from Jesus during a mystical experience. Predecessors to the modern devotion arose unmistakably in the Middle Ages in various facets of Catholic mysticism.

 Marguerite Marie Alacoque or Saint Margaret Mary Alacoque (22 July 1647, Verosvres – 17 October 1690) was a French Roman Catholic nun and mystic, who promoted devotion to the Sacred Heart of Jesus in its modern form.
She had visions of Jesus Christ, which she thought were a normal part of human experience and continued to practise austerity. However, in response to a vision of Christ, crucified but alive, that reproached her for forgetfulness of him, claiming his Heart was filled with love for her due to her promise, she entered, when almost 24 years of age, the Visitation Convent at Paray-le-Monial on 25 May 1671, intending to become a nun.

 Saint Margaret Mary Alacoque Contemplating the Sacred Heart of Jesus

 Engraving of the Sacred Heart of Jesus Christ, according a vision of Marguerite Marie Alacoque, 18th century. Musée du Coeur, MRAH, Jubilee Park, Brussels.

 Devotion picture of the Sacred Heart with adoring Maria Droste zu Vischering und Marguerite Marie Alacoque

 Emblem of the Missioners dels Sagrats Cors, with the Sacred Hearts

  Sacred Heart (of Christ) and Immaculate Heart of Mary, probably early 20th century.

We have an eight pointed star.

 Veneration of the Heart of Mary is analogous to worship of the Sacred Heart of Jesus

 Sagrado Corazón de María, en la iglesia de San Francisco de Asís, en Bilbao

And we have a wheel of fortune again. Click here to read a blog

 Stained glass in Saint-Jean-Baptiste de Grenelle's church, in Paris (Paris XV, France)

And we have a heart and Venus.
 Parz castle ( Upper Austria ). Frescos ( 1580 ) at the facade - Allegory of the planet Venus
 Beham, (Hans) Sebald (1500-1550): Venus, from The Seven Planets with the Signs of the Zodiac, 1539

versonTco's veion
versonTco's veion
versonTco's veion
1591 version
 Alchemical illustration involving the caduceus. Woodcut from Johann Sternhals Ritter-Krieg, Erfurt.

To view Part II click here