Pages


Words empty as the wind are best left unsaid.

~Homer

A picture is worth a thousand words.

~Napoleon Bonaparte

Sunday, 18 December 2011

Judgment of Osiris, Angel Michel, Raphael, Gabriel and saints

                                                                Edited Jan. 15, 2012

 Let's look at some themes.

Judgement of Osiris

Weighing of the heart scene, with en:Ammit sitting, from the book of the dead of Hunefer. From the source: "The judgement, from the papyrus of the scribe Hunefer. 19th Dynasty. Hunefer is conducted to the balance by jackal-headed Anubis. The monster Ammut crouches beneath the balance so as to swallow the heart should a life of wickedness be indicated. EA9901." Anubis conducts the weighing on the scale of Maat, against the feather of truth. The ibis-headed Thoth, scribe of the gods, records the result. If his heart is lighter than the feather, Hunefer is allowed to pass into the afterlife. If not, he is eaten by the waiting chimeric devouring creature Ammit, which is composed of the deadly crocodile, lion, and hippopotamus. In the next panel, showing the scene after the weighing, a triumphant Hunefer, having passed the test, is presented by falcon-headed Horus to the shrine of the green-skinned Osiris, god of the underworld and the dead, accompanied by Isis and Nephthys. The 14 gods of Egypt are shown seated above, in the order of judges.

Michael is an archangel in Jewish, Christian, and Islamic teachings. Roman Catholics, Anglicans, and Lutherans refer to him as Saint Michael the Archangel and also simply as Saint Michael.

In the Roman Catholic teachings Saint Michael has four main roles or offices:
His first role is the leader of the Army of God and the leader of heaven's forces in their triumph over the powers of hell.
The second and third roles of Michael in Catholic teachings deal with death. In his second role, Michael is the angel of death, carrying the souls of all the deceased to heaven. In this role, at the hour of death, Michael descends and gives each soul the chance to redeem itself before passing, thus consternating the devil and his minions. Catholic prayers often refer to this role of Michael. In his third role, he weighs souls in his perfectly balanced scales (hence Michael is often depicted holding scales)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michael_%28archangel%29


 Saint Michael, on the retable of Judgement Day of Saint Alban church in Cologne.


Basilique Sainte-Marie-Madeleine de Vézelay.

Notre Dame
Heros /hero/ – a Thracian god of hunting, fertility, life and death, all-knowing and all-hearing god – all-god.
The cult of the Thracian horseman was widely spread during the Roman Age, which indicates a renaissance of the Thracian religion at that time – something unknown for the other peoples under Roman domination. Its figure is well known thanks to the numerous historical records from the Roman Age, 1st-4th century AD – young horseman with a spear and shield or with killed game in his hands, followed by a servant, dog and a lion. As an all-knowing and all-hearing god he was portrayed with two or three faces. Due to the mixture of various religions the Thracian horseman was often depicted as a Greek god – Apollo, Asclepius, Zeus, Dionysus, etc., and as the Old Iranian god Mithra, as well as with some of their attributes – lyre (Apollo), single snake staff (Asclepius), impressive beard (Zeus), Phrygian cap (conical cap with its top pulled forward – Mithra), etc. The image of the Thracian horseman served as a base for Christian Saint George.
 

Gustave Moreau - Apollo Vanquishing the Serpent Python

Eugene Delacroix : Apollo Slays Python

Edward Burne-Jones, Perseus Cycle 7: The Doom Fulfilled
 
Titian, Perseus and Andromeda

Let's look at St. Micheal and dragon
Raffaello Sanzio, St Michael and dragon 

 Saint Michael Vanquishing the Devil

Gerard David Altarpiece of St Michael

Statue of Archangel Michael at the University of Bonn, slaying Satan as a dragon. Quis ut Deus is inscribed on his shield.

 St. Michael

 St Michael

Saints Michael and Francis

The angelology of Pseudo-Dionysius which was widely read as of the 6th century gave Michael a rank in the celestial hierarchy. Later, in the 13th century, others such as Bonaventure believed that he is the prince of the Seraphim, the first of the nine angelic orders. According to Saint Thomas Aquinas (Summa Ia. 113.3), he is the Prince of the last and lowest choir, the angels.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michael_%28archangel%29

Pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite, also known as Pseudo-Denys, was a Christian theologian and philosopher of the late 5th to early 6th century, the author of the Corpus Areopagiticum. His works are mystical and show strong Neoplatonic influence.

Neoplatonism (also called Neo-Platonism), is the modern term for a school of religious and mystical philosophy that took shape in the 3rd century AD, based on the teachings of Plato and earlier Platonists, with its earliest contributor believed to be Plotinus, and his teacher Ammonius Saccas. Neoplatonists would have considered themselves simply Platonists, and the modern distinction is due to the perception that their philosophy contained sufficiently unique interpretations of Plato to make it substantially different from what Plato wrote and believed
The earliest Christian philosophers, such as Justin and Athenagoras, who attempted to connect Christianity with Platonism, and the Christian Gnostics of Alexandria, especially Valentinus and the followers of Basilides, also mirrored elements of Neoplatonism, albeit without its rigorous self-consistency.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neoplatonism

Let's look at Saint Thomas Aquinas
Thomas Aquinas, also Thomas of Aquin or Aquino, was an Italian Dominican priest of the Catholic Church, and an immensely influential philosopher and theologian in the tradition of scholasticism, known as Doctor Angelicus, Doctor Communis, or Doctor Universalis, . Thomas stands as a vehicle and modifier of Aristotelianism and Neoplatonism.Thomas blended Greek philosophy and Christian doctrine by suggesting that rational thinking and the study of nature, like revelation, were valid ways to understand truths pertaining to God.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Aquinas

 Interestingly enough, St Michel on many paintings has black wings. Catholic church gave him a role of an angel of dearth. Raphael is not an angel of death but has a black wings. Gabriel was depicted with black or red wings. many  Let's look at angels of death or fallen angel.  
To view blog Abduction of Psyche and dark angel click here

Evelin de Morgan, Angel of Death

Alexandre Cabanel, Fallen Angel
 
Sir Edward Coley Burne-Jones, Music Angel.

 Let's look at  Angel Gabriel and Raphael.
Raphael"It is God who heals", "God Heals", "God, Please Heal",  is an archangel of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, who in the Judeo-Christian tradition performs all manners of healing.
Gabriel is an Archangel who typically serves as a messenger to humans from God. Gabriel is referred to as "he" in the Bible, and in Daniel 9:21 he is explicitly called "the man Gabriel". Some moderns, especially New Age exponents, portray Gabriel as female or androgynous.

Androgynous, eh? Let's look at paintings that were painted long before the painters knew about New Age.  Or perhaps, they knew.....LOL!

Angel  Raphael Bartolomé Román (c. 1587-1647)

Rembrandt,The angel Raphael leaving the family of Tobit

Titian, Raphael and Tobit 

Raphael and Tobit 17th or 18th century 

Raphael and Tobias Andrea del Verrocchio , 1470 - 1475

 Unknown Lombard painter (17th century), The Archangel and Tobias. Painting in the right-siode chapel of Saint Raphael church in Milan (Italy)

Tobias and AngelJ. Voorhout ft. 1685
 
Tobias and the Angel, Corrado Giaquinto c 1740

 Tobias and the Angel with St Leonard and Donor, Andrea del Sarto  1512

( from left )Michel,  Raphael, Gabriel and Tobias, Rrancesco Botticini 1470

Jacek Malczewski , Angels and Tobit 1854-1929

Let's look at angel Gabriel.

Duccio, Angel Gabriel

Saint Michael parish church in Untergriesbach. Fresco at the ceiling: Archangel Gabriel ( 1780 ) by Johann Georg Unruhe.

Garofalo (Italian, 1481-1559)

ANTONIAZZO ROMANO Annunciation

 Titian, Annunciation 1564

  Caravaggio - The Annunciation (1608-09)

 Leonardo da Vinci, Annaunciation

The Annunciation, Edward Burne-Jones

To make it more intriguing, we need to look at saints. Dark angels, black aureola, and a skull........and more.

The Ecstasy of St Cecilia Bernardo Cavallino......with dark angel?????

Gustave Moreau - Saint Cecilia - Angels Announcing Her Impending Martyrdom

Caravaggio, St. Francis in Ecstasy

                                                         St. Francis, Caravaggio

                            Caravaggio, St. Jerome, Galleria Borghese, Rome.


Paintings of Contarelli chapel in San Luigi dei Francesi church in Rome. Scene: St. Matthew and the angel, detail. Michaelangelo Caravaggio
 


Alonso Cano (1601 - 1667) Saint John the Evangelist's Vision of Jerusalem


Alonso Cano, Saint John the Evangelist's Vision of Jerusalem

Benozzo Gozzoli, Scenes from the Life of St. Francis


Scenes from the Life of St. Francis 


Scenes from the Life of St. Francis

Scenes from the Life of St. Francis


Guido Reni St Matthew and the Angel

I didn't know that El Greco painted several paintings with St. Francis.

El Greco, St. Francis

El Greco St. Francis

El Greco, St John the Evangelist and St Francis



Francisco de Zurbaran, St. Francis 

Luis Tristan de Escamilla St. Francis

Luca Giordano, St. Francis

Jose de Ribera St. Francis

Saint Fransis. Church of San Francesco, Pescia

Gerbrand van den Eeckhout, St. Francis

Dirck van Baburen, St. Francis

Francisco Ribalta,  St. Francis Comforted by an Angel

 I couldn't resist to post  Evelyn de Morgan's painting: An Angel Piping to the Souls in Hell.









Let's look at St. Luke  and St. Mark

Paulus Krebs  St. Luke

 Fresco of Bull of Saint Luke above the chancel. Church of St. Marcello

Saint Oswald parish church. Pulpit by Joseph Kepplinger ( 1901 ): Bull of Saint Luke the evangelist.

Saint James parish church - Baroque pulpit ( 1761 ) by Nikolaus Contriner: Bull of Saint Luke.

Evangelist St. Luke


Giorgio St Luke Painting the Virgin, Giorgio Vasari

Let's look at St. Mark

"The Lion of Saint Mark and two saints". 1440 fresco on the ceiling of the Torriani Chapel inside Sant'Eustorgio church at Milan, Italy. Picture by Giovanni Dall'Orto, March 1 2007.


 Lion of Saint Mark. Mosaic at the interior of Iglesia de San Manuel y San Benito (a church) in Madrid (Spain

Détails de la Façade de la Basilique Saint Marc à Venise
Cathedral Notre Dame 

Agostino Carracci : The Penitent Magdalene
Guido Reni, St Mary Magdalene 


Guido Reni, The Penitent Magdalene